Bruno Bytes, Second Quarter, 2021

Bruno Bytes (from Richard L. Bruno, PhD)

Topics Include:

  • Anesthesia, Alzheimer's

  • Bladder Issues in Men

  • Bulbar Polio

  • CBD

  • Cholesterol Medications

  • Compression Sleeves 

  • Compromised Immune System 

  • Diaphragm Pacemaker

  • Exercise

  • MRI

  • Osteoporosis

  • Prolotherapy

  • Muscle Weakness and Spinal Taps 

From The Polio Paradox . . . “Polio: a Good, Bad Thing? I may sound like Pollyanna, but there may actually be benefits to having gotten polio, or at least a benefit to being susceptible to it. Biology graduate student Shanda Davis surveyed polio survivors and the alumni of Drew University, asking if they had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. Remarkably, 3.6% of the Drew Alumni had Alzheimer's but only 0.3% of the polio survivors did. Polio survivors had 12 times less Alzheimer's disease than those who didn't have polio. I bet you're thinking this must be a mistake. But we went back to our own patients and found that only 0.4% of the polio survivors who have ever been evaluated at The Post-Polio Institute had Alzheimer's disease. If these percentages are correct how could having had polio protect you from getting Alzheimer's disease? Shanda Davis had a hunch. We discussed that the gene which makes the poliovirus receptor is found on chromosome 19. Well the poliovirus receptor gene shares its DNA on chromosome 19 with a gene that makes another protein, called APOE-4, a protein that has been is associated with getting Alzheimer's disease. You can inherit one APOE-4 gene from each parent. Those who get two APOE-4 genes have the highest risk for Alzheimer's. Those who only inherit one APOE-4 gene have a lesser risk, while those who inherit no APOE-4 genes have the lowest risk of all. Without an APOE-4 gene on chromosome 19, the poliovirus receptor gene doesn't have to share any of its DNA and may be more able to make poliovirus receptors. Without the APOE-4 you would be more likely to have more poliovirus receptors and to get polio as a child, but be less likely to get Alzheimer's disease as an adult. Maybe even the dark cloud of polio has a silver lining.”

The entire PA Polio Network Team

Bruno Bytes

2nd QTR 2021

Bruno Bytes, First Quarter, 2021



Bruno Bytes (from Richard L. Bruno, PhD) 

The Topics Include:  

  • Anesthesia, 

  • Catching Polio without knowing it, 

  • CoQ10, 

  • Diagnosis and Management of PPS,

  • EMGs, 

  • Is Everything PPS?, 

  • Polio Survivor’s “good” limbs, 

  • Muscle Weakness, Sprouting Neurons,   and 

  • The different “Types” of Polio. 

We have been collaborating with Dr. Richard Bruno, HD, PhD to publish these Q&A's and "bits" of information since 2014.

You can download and share the attached file, or read it on our website.

Every issue of Bruno Bytes is available in PDF format for download and sharing at the bottom of this Bruno Bytes Page.  

We hope you are well - there is a taste of spring here in the NE United States.

The entire PA Polio Network Team

Bruno Bytes

1st QTR 2021

The Fourth Quarter of 2020 has brought some fascinating information for us all - from both the International Center for Polio Education and from Post-Polio Health International.



Bruno Bytes (from Richard L. Bruno, PhD) 

  • The Fourth Quarter, 2020 issue covers many topics, including Blood Pressure issues, Nerve Pain, Shoulder Anatomy and concerns regarding valium "type" medications.

  • We have been publishing  Bruno Bytes since 2014.  Every issue is easily available for download, printing and sharing.

  • For those of you who are not online, we have attached the latest issue.

  • Just click on Dr. Bruno's fascinating biography   It contains his contact and website information.

What's New from Post-Polio Health International

  • Their medical advisory team has published a guideline for the COVID19 vaccine as it relates to polio survivors.  We have attached the information for those who are not online.

  • Check out the new ideas from the PHI Spark

  • 2020 was a big year for PHI.  Their new website was launched, complete with an interactive, world wide directory for access to support groups and professional resources.

  • Access to all this information and more is easily available.


Check out our "What's New" page.  We update it frequently.


Warm wishes for a wonderful new year - one that is filled with healthy, new adventures.

The entire PA Polio Network Team

Bruno Bytes

4th QTR 2020